8 Types Of Hand Embroidery Stitches To Learn

There are so many things you can create with hand stitching from cards to pictures to cushion covers and much more, but to master hand stitching you need to learn a few basic stitches. Here are some of the most popular methods to learn before you create your embroidered masterpiece.

Back Stitch
Back stitch is often used in cross stitch and other types of embroidery to outline a piece. Stitches form a continuous line with each stitch started from a distance away from the last one and stitching back to complete the line – hence the name.
Chain Stitch
Like the name suggests, chain stitch creates a chain of stitches that have many uses in embroidery. It works for outlining as well as creating curves and spirals. There are lots of different ways to do this so find a style that suits your tastes to make the most of it.
French Knot
The French knot is used to accent a piece or to create a specific look, such as a flower with lots of small petals. It involves creating a small knot that is then secured in place on the design and remains at a higher level than many other stitches, giving a dimensional finish.
Lazy Daisy Stitch
For an instant flower petal effect, you can use the lazy daisy stitch. Each stitch is made individually with a loop and a small stitch at the end to create the look and keep the stitch in place. Often a French knot is used in the centre of the design when making a flower.
Running Stitch
Running stitch is used for outlines in embroidery and is also the kind of stitch that can be utilised in making clothes, sewing together material for quilting and many other purposes. It looks like a dotted line with a stitch then a gap and then another stitch so stitches can be almost any length you need.
Satin Stitch
Satin stitch is one of the most used stitches when completing long stitch embroidery as it fills in a design. It creates a smooth, satin-like finish and can be of a varying length as needed to complete the pattern. It is also known as a damask stitch.
Seed Stitch
Seed stitch is a little like a middle ground between running stitch and French knots. This stitch creates lots of small stitches, like seeds on the material, that run in the same direction and create a fill on the material. It also works well for shading patterns, making the stitches a little bigger as the design gets lighter.
Stem Stitch
Stem stitch might sound complicated but is relatively easy to master and is used for creating different styles of outlines, particularly for curved ones, such as the stem of a flower. It starts like a back stitch then involves bringing the needle through the middle of the previous stitch rather than bringing it to the end.